How to do Kegel exercises

New patient info packet and voiding diary

About Biofeedback

Biofeedback Training and Incontinence Solutions-Telephone 1-512-557-6310
Email or
-hosts a 3 day course annually in April and September that fulfills didactic/ practicum requirements for certification. Also offers Hands-On training courses in April and September.

Biofeedback Certification International Alliance -
Telephone 1-866-908-8713 or
-offers board certification in pelvic floor muscle dysfunction biofeedback

Society for Urologic Nurses and Associates-Telephone 1-888-TAP-SUNA or
-offers an annual spring symposium specific to pelvic floor disorders (multi-disciplinary)

The Prometheus Group-Telephone 800-442-2325 or
courses are geared for PTs, but OTs are allowed to attend.

Biofeedback Foundation of Europe- Tel/Fax +31 84 83 84 696 or
-offers on-line didactic and practicum training toward certification

Marquette University-
Telephone 414-288-3097 or
 -hosts a 4-day course annually in June- fulfills didactic and practicum requirements

Biosource Software- 
-is a leading provider of BCIA-accredited educational resources for biofeedback and neurofeedback professionals
-Biofeedback Tutor Course is highly recommended

  • Sex Without Pain: A Self-Treatment Guide to the Sex Life You Deserve, Heather Jeffcoat (2014)
  • Biofeedback Mastery: An Experiential Teaching and Self-Training Manual, Peper, Gibney, Tylova, Harvey, and Combatalade's (2008)
  • Biofeedback: A practitioners guide (3rd ed.) New York: Guilford (2005)- M. E. Schwartz (Ed.), Biofeedback for the Treatment of Urinary incontinence, Fecal Incontinence, and Pelvic Floor Disorders- chapters 26-28 Jeannette Tries and Eugene Eisman
  • Urinary Incontinence in Adults: Acute and Chronic Management. Clinical Practice Guideline. Number 2, 1996. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (Guidelines archived at:
  • Laycock J, Haslam J. (Eds), (2007). Therapeutic Management of Incontinence and Pelvic Pain, Pelvic Organ Disorders (2nd ed.). Springer, London.
  • Cram, J. R. & Kasman, G. S. with Holtz, J. (2010). Introduction to Surface Electromyography (2nd ed.). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers.
  • Doughty D. (2006). Urinary & Fecal Incontinence: Current Management Concepts, Third Edition. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby Elsevier.
  • Newman DK. (1999). The Urinary Incontinence Sourcebook. Los Angeles, CA: Lowell House.
  • Staying Dry: A Practical Guide to Bladder Control. Baltimore MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 1989. - Burgio K, Pearce K, Lucco A.
  • Women's Waterworks, Curing Incontinence. - Chiarelli, P.
  • Heal Pelvic Pain, Amy Stein (2008)
  • Ending Female Pain, Isa Herrera (2009)
  • A Headache in the Pelvis, David Wise (2010)
  • The V Book, Elizabeth Stewart (2002)
  • The IC Survival Guide, Robert Moldwin (2000)
  • The Vulvodynia Survival Guide, Howard Glazer (2002)
  • The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook (6th ed.), Martha Davis (2008)
  • Explain Pain, David Butler (2003)
  • Using Behavioral Treatment for Urinary Incontinence. OT Practice, September 2002- Brenda Neumann
  • The Role of Occupational Therapy in the Treatment of Incontinence and Pelvic Floor Disorders. OT Practice, March 2009-Neumann, Tries and Plummer.

Current Medical Technologies, Inc. -
Telephone: 1-800-382-5879 or
Essential Control Systems -
Telephone: 1-800-537-3779 or
The Prometheus Group -
Telephone: 1-800-442-2325 or
SRS Medical -
Telephone: 1-800-345-5642 or
Current Technology -
Telephone: 1-800-322-4461 or

  • Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research. (1996). Urinary incontinence in adults: Acute and chronic management: Clinical Practice Guideline Number 2 (AHCPR Publication No. 96-0682). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Hajjar, R. R. (2004). Psychosocial impact of urinary incontinence in the elderly population. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 20, 553-564.
  • Nygaard, I., Turvey, C., Burns, T., Crischilles, E., Wallace, R., (2003). Urinary incontinence and depression in middle-aged United States women. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists, 101(1), 149-156.
  • Bharucha, A. E., Zinsmeister, A. R., & Locke, R. G. (2005). Prevalence and burden of fecal incontinence: A population-based study in women. Gastroenterology, 129, 42-49.
  • Fultz, N. H., Fischer, G. G., & Jenkins, K. R. (2004). Does urinary incontinence affect middle-aged and older women's time use and activity patterns? American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists, 104, 1327-1334.
  • Handa, V. L., Harvey, L., Cundiff, G. W., Siddique, S. A., Kjerulff, K. H.,. (2004). Sexual function among women with urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 191, 751-756.
  • Salonia, A., Zanni, G, Nappi, R. E., Briganti, A., Deho, F., Fabbri, F., et al. (2004). Sexual dysfunction is common in women with lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence: Results of a cross-sectional study. European Urology, 45, 642-648.
  • Muller N. What Americans Understand- How They are Affected by Bladder Control Problems: Highlights of Recent Nationwide Consumer Research. Urologic Nursing. 2005:25(2): 109-115.
  • Hu TW, Wagner TH. Costs of Urinary Incontinence and Overactive Bladder in the US: A Comparative Study. Urology. 2003;63:461-465.
  • Wilson, P.D., Berghmans, B., Hagen, S. Hay-Smith, J., Moore, K., Nygaard, I., et al. (2005) Adult conservative management. In P. Abrams, L. Cardozo, S. Khoury, & A. Wein (Eds.), Incontinence management, 3rd international consultation on incontinence (pp. 855-964). Halifax, United Kingdom: Health Publications Limited.
  • American Occupational Therapy Association. (2004). Scope of practice. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 58, 673-677.
  • American Occupational Therapy Association. (2008). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process, 2nd edition. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, 625-683.
  • The Role of Occupational Therapy in the Treatment of Incontinence and Pelvic Floor Disorders, OT Practice, March 2009-Neumann, Tries and Plummer.
  • Larsen Burgio, Ph.D., J. Courtland Robinson, M.D., and Bernard T. Engel Ph. D. - Bethesda and Baltimore, Maryland U.S.A.Published - October 1985 - from Gerontology Research Centre,Baltimore Maryland.
  • Bump, R. C., Hurt, W. G., Fantl, J. A., & Wyman, J. F. (1991). Assessment of Kegel pelvic muscle exercise performance after brief verbal instruction. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 165, 322-327.
  • Newman, D. (2004) Urinary Incontinence in Long-Term Care Facilities: Current Clinical Practice

  • Facebook Groups:
  • Pelvic Floor Biofeedback
  • OTs for Pelvic Health
  • WomensHealth4OT
  • Occupational Therapy in Postpartum Care
  • OTs in Private Practice
  • AOTA and State Guidelines
  • AOTA Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process 2008
  • AOTA Scope of Practice 2004
  • AOTA CE Article 2005: Understanding and Asserting the Occupational Therapy Scope of Practice State Licensure Guidelines and Regulations-consult your specific state guidelines
  • OT Practice: The Role of Occupational Therapy in the Treatment of Incontinence and Pelvic Floor Disorders, March 2009  

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